รวมรางวัลชิงชนะเลิศภาพประกวด IAFOR Documentary Photography Award ปี 2559

03_Alexey-Furman

ไม่นานมานี้ ผลรางวัลของงานประกวดภาพถ่ายแนวสารคดีก็ได้รับการโพสลงในเว็บอย่างเป็นทางการ มีผู้เข้าแข่งขันมากกว่า 150 คน และจาก 50 กว่าประเทศเลยทีเดียว หัวข้อของปีนี้ก็คือ ‘ความยุติธรรม’ โดยผู้สมัครทุกคนสามารถนำคำนี้ไปแปลความกันเองได้   วันนี้ผมเลยอยากนำภาพของผู้ชนะเลิศรางวัล 3 อันดับแรกมาให้ดูกันครับ  

รางวัลชนะเลิศLife After Injury โดย Alexey Furman ประเทศยูเครน

จุดประสงค์ของช่างภาพคนนี้ก็คือการเล่าเรื่องราวทหารยูเครนที่ได้รับบาดเจ็บจากการสงครามกับประเทศรัสเซีย สงครามนี้เกิดขึ้นตั้งแต่ปี 2557 และได้คร่าชีวิตคนไปมากกว่า 5,000 ศพ ที่แย่คือ ทหารเหล่านี้ไม่ได้รับการสนับสนุนฟื้นสภาพกายและจิตเพราะขาดความช่วยเหลือจากรัฐบาล Alexey จึงอยากจะแสดงความยากลำบากที่พวกทหารต้องผ่าน ทั้งในเรื่องของการปรับตัวให้เข้ากับสังคมและการที่พวกเขาต้องมาขอความช่วยเหลือจากต่างประเทศแทน เขาอยากจะให้ผู้ชมเห็นโลกความเป็นจริงและมีการรณรงค์ระดมทุนเพื่อช่วยเหลือเหล่าทหาร นอกจากถ่ายภาพแล้ว Alexey ยังทำการสัมภาษณ์อีกด้วย  ผมว่าหัวข้อนี้น่าสนใจมาก เพราะเรื่องเหล่านี้มักจะถูกมองข้ามโดยสื่อมวลชนทั่วไป

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รางวัลรองชนะเลิศVinny and David โดย Isadora Kosofsky ประเทศอเมริกา

นี่เป็นเรื่องราวของ ‘วินนี่’ และ ‘เดวิด’ พี่น้องที่โดนจับคุมทั้งสองคน   วินนี่ ซึ่งอายุเพียง 13 ปี ณ ตอนนั้น โดนจับเข้าคุกเพราะเลือกที่จะปกป้องคนที่เขารักโดยการแทงผู้ที่มาทำร้ายแม่     ส่วนเดวิดพี่ชายคนโตนั้นมีปัญหาเสพติดยามาตั้งแต่อายุเพียง 10 ปี

แม่ของพวกเขาได้รับสิทธิการคุ้มครอง วินนี่และเดวิดจึงต้องไปอยู่กับคุณป้าแทน ภาพถ่ายชุดนี้จึงเป็นสารคดีชีวิตของสองพี่น้องในระยะเวลา 4 ปีหลังจากได้กลับสู่ชุมชนสังคมแล้ว  พวกเขาปรารถนาขอเพียงแค่ความรักและครอบครัวที่เหมือนเดิม วินนี่กับเดวิดต้องพึ่งกันและกันต่อไป โดยวินนี่เห็นพี่ชายเป็น ‘พ่อ’ ส่วนเดวิดก็เชื่อว่าวินนี่เป็นคน ๆ เดียวในโลกที่ยังรักและเห็นคุณค่าของเขาอยู่

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รางวัลอันดับ 3The Vanishing Girls of West Bengal โดย Souvid Datta ประเทศอินเดีย

ประเทศอินเดีย ณ ตอนนี้กำลังมีปัญหาเรื่องการลักพาตัวและ ‘ค้าขาย’ เด็กผู้หญิงในบริเวณ West Bengal อยู่ ถือว่าเป็นหนึ่งในการค้ามนุษย์ที่เลวร้ายที่สุดในเอเชียตะวันออกเฉียงใต้ อย่างไรก็ตาม เรื่องนี้ก็ยังไม่ถึงหูของคณะกรรมการสิทธิมนุษยชน Souvid ใช้เวลา 3 ปีในการตรวจสอบปัญหานี้ โดยการสะกดรอยตามการค้าพร้อมกับถ่ายรูปไว้เป็นหลักฐานอย่างยุติธรรม เขาอยากจะเป็นเสียงแทนเหล่าเด็กผู้หญิงที่ตกเป็นเหยื่อ และเป็นแรงกระตุ้นให้พวกเราปรับปรุงแก้ไขปัญหานี้ให้จบ

Shorbari Haldar, 13, walks through Gopalnagar’s quiet, verdant surroundings with her sisters and friends two days prior to her wedding. Her mother has arranged for her marriage to 41 year old man neither of them have ever met before. In three days she will be forced to leave her village, her school and childhood life behind. Child marriage is a rampant practice in West Bengal.  In 2015, India’s National Health Survey found that 54% of West Bengal’s rural women had been married before turning 18. (29% of female respondents aged 15-19 were already mothers or pregnant at the time of the survey.) The illegal practice stands a culturally entrenched barrier to women’s economic and social development and most often takes place against the girls’ consent.

On her wedding day Shorbari, 13, is dressed by her mother, aunt and sisters in a traditional bridal sari, new jewellery and make-up. Gauri, her mother, is particularly keen to make the best impression on the 41 year-old groom whom no-one in the family has yet met and to whom the arrangement was proposed through a paid marriage broker. Older, affluent grooms are seen as saving graces for those with daughters in poor, rural families; the hope is that early marriage can offer a new life of financial stability and good repute. In reality, however, young brides are often abused and neglected by older husbands, left to bear the burden of child-rearing single-handedly while working as an effective servant in an in-law’s family home.

Shorbari Haldar, 13, at her marriage ceremony with Deepankar Chandra, 41, in the village of Gopalnagar, South 24 Parganas district. Child marriage in West Bengal’s rural settings is commonplace, yet closer examination of its procedures and outcomes reveals a terrible reality. Young girls are sold into illegal marriages often against their will by their very own families and communities; they are forcibly taken away from their homes to a life where they are stripped of basic rights, treated as property of their in-law’s and subject to sexual and psychological abuse from their husbands. Rarely do these girls ever attend school again, let alone learn the means to support themselves and realise their dreams. Child-rearing and care are their immediate duties, and beyond, they are left severely vulnerable, both financially and socially, should their either they or they husbands ever decide to break things off.

In the village of Patharpratima, South 24 Parganas district, Paramita Devi holds up a childhood photograph of her daughter Aparajita who is presumed kidnapped. In January 2013, Aparajita, aged 14 at the time, was married to local man, Bikram Poddar (aged 26 at the time). Three months after the wedding Paramita struggled to reach out to either Aparajita or Bikram; she called them as well as the broker who had arranged the ceremony, and eventually visited to their home in Hasnabad. Local sources told her that neither Bikram or Aparajita had been seen in over two weeks, and that Bikram was in fact not from the area at all: he had no family home in Hasnabad. Paramita immediately filed a missing persons report with the local CID office in Patharpratima. The case has been pending with no results for three years. According to Paramita, Aparajita’s official status stands: ‘Missing; presumed kidnapped’. West Bengal is a hotbed for the trafficking of minor girls into forced labour and prostitution. The South 24 Parganas district is seen as one epicentre of this practice, where local traffickers regularly pose as prospective husbands, lovers, employers and relatives awaiting opportunities to kidnap and sell girls. According to NGOs what makes this a particularly fertile hunting ground is a lack of sufficient legal and policing infrastructure coupled with rural West Bengal’s patriarchal customs and widespread poverty. The kidnapping and trafficking practice ranges from one-off incidents rising out of opportunity and circumstance, to more organised operations by criminal networks that span across West Bengal, Bangladesh and Nepal.

In the village of Dakshin Shibganj, Patharpratima, Drishti Laha speaks of her youngest daughter Chandni while displaying her old belongings. In October 2015, Chandni went missing on her daily walk back from school aged 7. Two other girls from the area went missing on the same day. According to Drishti, the local CID have found no leads to Chandni’s whereabouts: she is presumed kidnapped.  “When I look at her toys I break inside… how could I have let this happen… She is such a sweet girl, a good girl… I wish I knew how to bring her back”.

A temporary half-way house where traffickers held kidnapped girls in spring 2016, situated roughly three hours East of Kolkata.

Chintu, 24, a trafficker and mid-level gang member from Sonagachi overlooks a group of sleeping girls inside the half-way house. Some girls here had been recently kidnapped.

Chintu (centre), introduces Shona, 16, (right) to her first client of the morning. Shona is originally from Bangladesh and was sold by her husband to a trafficker in the Tangail brothel aged 14. She was later brought to India in February 2016, and has since developed a relationship with Chintu, who acts as her pimp and boyfriend. The half-way house doubles as a brothel and holding space.

Inside the half-way house, Chintu (right) shows a trafficker photographs of girls he has available on his phone.

Inside, girls as young as nine are systematically broken down - through physical, sexual and psychological abuse - in preparation for their sale to brothels in red-light districts across India. Some girls here had been recently kidnapped; of them, whoever rebelled or attempted to escape, was beaten and chained, such as the girl pictured above.

Chintu displays a line of girls in the half-way house to a brothel Madam from Sonagachi who has come in search of new girls to purchase. Girls here bought from anywhere between £350 - 700 depending on their looks, experience and virginity.

A rainy view of Imam Bux lane - the outer most corner of Sonagachi in the northern reaches of the Kolkata.  Sonagachi is one of India and Asia’s largest red-light districts. The neighbourhood exists as a sprawling, illegal network of organised gangs, traffickers and victims: a place where reporters and outsiders are threatened away by violence, politicians and police are bribed or complicit, and an estimated 13,000 prostituted women, often under the age of 18, are effectively raped everyday for £2.

Nasha, a local enforces and hitman, targets a customer who who has repeatedly exhibited violent behaviour in a brothel. Standing a total of 5 ft 2 inches, Nasha claims to have killed over 40 people in his life - from which he gained his name, which translates as 'Addiction'.

Clients reel, drunk from cheap alcohol during weekend revelries at the brothel.

Beauty, 16, with a drunken client. Men visiting Sonagachi often drink heavily or use narcotics while with sex-workers, noticeably increasing their chances of women's abuse and mistreatment.

Beauty, was aged 11 when her family in Bangladesh arranged her marriage with an abusive older man. She went on to have her first child aged 12. The following year, she fled following her mother's death taking refuge with her elder sister, then 21. Within two months, her brother-in-law attempted to force himself upon her, yet her sister did nothing, instead demanding Beauty leave their house. It was on a train to Dhaka, in search of escape and work, that Beauty and her one year-old son eventually met their trafficker. 'A vast, wiry-haired...wild-eyed woman' promised her a menial job with basic renumeration and offered a drink of her water. Within minutes Beauty had fallen unconscious from a sedative in the drink. When she awoke she found herself in a half-way house in Nonchapota, on the Bangladesh-India border, awaiting her transfer and sale to the brothels of Sonagachi. Now she is one of the underage minority in the area educated in the risks to her sexual health of working in Sonagachi. She attends up to 20 clients per day normally bathing four times periodically in between.

Beauty, 16, and Pinki, 17, share an intimate moment in their brothel courtyard, following a testing morning with troublesome customers.

Sub Inspector Haren Saha and his team man a road leading to a major high-way 30km within the Indian side of Kakarvitta’s border, within West Bengal. Such operations are routine and executed randomly for several days at a stretch. Any suspicious cars are checked and searched while passengers are questioned on destinations and their identities.

Sub Inspector Haren Saha’s team swiftly followed to remove the girls from the vehicle to check on their health and begin initial questioning. Unnerved and in tears the girls quickly revealed that they had been the victims of kidnapping from various locations within India near Siliguri. They were immediately transported by the team to a hospital in Siliguri.

Roopa Chowdhury, 26, was raised by her Nepali mother and Indian father in South 24 Parganas district. She was kidnapped in 2001 by a school peer’s uncle and immediately sold into Sonagachi. Due to her young age and Nepali appearance she was in high demand: “I was 12 when they first started making me see clients… Still, people believe that sleeping with a Nepali virgin will bring luck and cure diseases… I will never know how to be at peace with what happened to me… but I have two children now… and a husband I love… No child should ever have to go through this… We must treat our children better. We must make the police protect our children…How can you help us?”

ขอบคุณข้อมูลและรูปภาพจาก  :  iaforphotoaward.org  

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